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Xenoblade Isn't As Good As You Think
by Shane Murphy on 01/18/13 09:34:00 am

The following blog post, unless otherwise noted, was written by a member of Gamasutra’s community.
The thoughts and opinions expressed are those of the writer and not Gamasutra or its parent company.


This article is cross-posted at

Xenoblade Chronicles was the undisputed hero of 2012’s JRPG scene, and that is a travesty.

The game deserves credit on many accounts: its fast travel system subdues the unruly vastness of its environments; being able to complete quests without returning to, or even meeting the quest-giver is a great way to streamline grind; the skill system provides a fair number of options; the voice-acting is competent, and conversations flow naturally – seldom does the player wait for spoken dialogue to catch up to its written counterpart.

Yet I balk at the popular inclination to declare this game innovative, let alone the latter-day savior of the JRPG genre.  Too many accolades have been laid at the feet of this bog-standard IP.   Xenoblade Chronicles’s design is comprehensively hampered by clutter and convention.

The user interface is the most egregious instance of clutter.  The Wii-Mote-and-Nunchuk control scheme is beleaguered with commands, and many critical functions (targeting, camera control) require multiple buttons to be pressed or held.  This is unforgivably cumbersome when you’re also trying to run or fight at the same time.  Menus are also a hassle.  A single button press activates a menu bar, which allows the player to cycle to select from several options while still moving around.  At first glance, this appears to be a useful setup.  However, in order to access any useful information, the player has to make one or two more selections, which inevitably lead to more traditional “pause-state” menus.  So, not only does this introduce extraneous clicks each time the player wants to access the menu, but if he happens to have the menu bar open while running about, he has to cancel out of the menu bar before initiating combat actions.  All too often, this results in the player getting smacked around because he thought he was going to attack, but opened a sub-menu instead.  Furthermore, once the full menu is open, the navigational shortcuts are confusingly arranged, and require either all-too-frequent hand stretches to press the “1” and “2” buttons, or endless manual cycling through scads of items.

Across the board, Xenoblade has too much stuff lying around.  You pick up a staggering number of useless items in playing through the game, usually in the form of little blue motes of light scattered at random across the environments.  Most are meant to be sold, or used in gem crafting.  That’s all well and good, but do there really need to be sixty different kinds of bug wings available to be crafted?  Does each one make the world that much richer, or confer so finely nuanced a mechanical benefit?  Of course not.  This bevy of collectibles serves only as a perfunctory offering to the “Skinner Box” design ideology that no game designer professes to like, but everyone includes in their games these days.

The clutter creeps into the quest system as well.  Yes, there are excellent mechanics in place to expedite the streams of meaningless fetch-and-kill sidequests.  But why do these quests exist in the first place?  They contribute nothing to plot or character development.  They are a buffer, used to pad the play experience and create the illusion of a richer world by filling it up with junk.

These flaws might be forgivable if Xenoblade contained some truly revolutionary ideas, but in fact most of its mechanics are tried and tired, even if they have been given a glossy finish.   The combat system is the most obvious offender in this regard.  The “party meter” introduces some interesting dynamics, but combat is otherwise based on a typical MMO model.  You control one character, spam your skills, wait for them to cool down, lather, rinse and repeat.  Some skills gain bonuses based on how the character is positioned in relation to the target: this is a convention as old as the MMO, and doesn’t add much in the way of depth.  The Break/Topple/Daze mechanic is fresher, but also fairly shallow – you can only damage some enemies when they’re toppled or dazed, so you topple or daze them.  End of story.

Even the game’s clairvoyance mechanic, the lynchpin of its status as an innovator, is a new package on a very old idea.  In the end, it’s not substantially different from this:

 Or this:

It's not very use the same ideas over and over. 

Things have been charging up for big telegraphed deathblows for a long time in RPGs.  The main difference in Xenoblade is that any enemy can do it, and the mechanics in place to defend such attacks revolve around a few specific skills (ie the Monado’s Shield ability) rather than a broad array of tactics.

Finally, Xenoblade follows a tradition that is not so much a convention as an unfortunate characteristic of many JRPGs: bad storytelling.  This is not so much an issue of plot, as of presentation.  As an example here is an excerpt from an early “Heart-to-Heart” between the nerdy protagonist, Shulk, and the his oafish friend, Reyn:

REYN: Oh yeah!  You remember that time?  You know, that one time!

SHULK: When we had that big fight?

REYN: That’s the one.  It’s easily the biggest bust-up we’ve ever had.  In all the years I’ve known you, nothing else has come close.

SHULK: It was bad all right.  I’m just glad we made up afterwards.

REYN: You know, for such a big argument, I don’t even remember what it was about.

SHULK:                 We were really young.  It was probably just some silly kid thing.

REYN: You’re probably right.  Hey Shulk…do you ever think about it?  Without me bringing it up, I mean.

SHULK: I think about it sometimes.  If we never had that argument, I don’t think we’d be friends now.

REYN: That’s just what I was thinking.  We must have said some pretty harsh things to each other.  But it was worth it, right?  It’s why we’re such good mates now!

SHULK: Yeah, it was definitely worth it.  You know, it’s funny how we think alike sometimes.  I’d have figured you were still angry.

REYN: Nah, not anymore.  But you did get on my nerves a bit back then.  You were just too clever man.  It got under my skin.

SHULK: And I thought you were just this big dumb brute.  Hey, I guess that’s what we were arguing about.

REYN: Yeah, that sounds about right.

It would be literally impossible for this conversation to have conveyed a greater quantity of completely obvious, generic information.  This is the biggest fight Reyn and Shulk ever had, the foundation for their relationship, and they can’t remember one specific detail about it!  However furiously they characters might wave their arms and bob their heads, this type of interaction amounts to a  feeble excuse to fill the screen with pink hearts that tell the player how much he’s supposed to care about these two vapid fools.

This article is written with a caveat: I have only played Xenoblade for about fifteen hours.  I know what’s-her-face gets killed.  I know there are plot twists.  I just can’t bring myself to care.  I want to like this game, I really do.  I want it to be the revolution that so many people have taken it to be.  I want a JRPG that redefines the genre and lifts it to new heights.   But if we start projecting our desires onto the games we play, instead of seeing them for what they are, we take a great risk.  We risk damaging the critical faculties that will allow us to recognize that game comes down the pipeline, or (better yet) to make it happen ourselves.

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Huy Luu
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While I absolutely agree with the majority of your points, including the weird button combinations to do things, menu handling and the repetitiveness of quests and combat mechanics, there are certain parts I cannot do so.

Firstly, before you make a statement about something, at least make sure to confirm that it works the way you think it should. Crafting collectibles ? I don't even understand what you mean here. As far as I know, none of these "blue motes" has any relation with Xenoblade's crafting system. And in my opinion, instead of acting as a "content filler", these collectibles were put into the game to encourage players to explore the world, and I think it did the job pretty well because by combining them with the collection system that gives rewards for completed set, it gives explorers "reasons" to discover all nook and cranny of the area.

Secondly, about the battle mechanics, before you, many people have noticed Xenoblade's system similarities to other games, especially Final Fantasy XII. And we all know just how much FF12's system looks like "another MMORPG". However, the point here is that being a clone or not isn't important. What Xenoblade delivered was fresh experiences. It told an old story using a new approach. You might be one of smart people who would recognize this game's patterns right away. However, many normal players never do thanks to a lot of visual changes, and they are the ones who pay. So I think, while it's good to realize the not-so-revolutionary features in game, we shouldn't judge the mechanic solely based on this area, but also have to see what kinds of experience it delivers to the audience.

About the game story, I think it feels strange to you because of the culture difference. I, as an Asian see this lack of realism in character and story illustration a pretty natural thing. Stories in games originated from Eastern countries tend to lack a lot of details that make characters and world seem unreal. Even successful characters such as Mario, Zelda or Cloud were never as realistic as Gordon Freeman or Marcus Fenix. I guess that's just how our cultures are different. One like this and the other doesn't.

Shane Murphy
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Thanks for your comment!

The crafting bit was erroneous. Sorry about that. I hope it doesn't too badly obscure my other points.

Consider the incentives for exploration in Skyrim -- rare and powerful items, dragon powers, new quests, expanded lore -- in comparison with the "rewards" for exploration in Xenoblade: miscellaneous junk. That's the issue I have with the blue motes -- they try to draw the player over the landscape with meaningless shiny baubles rather than substantive rewards. Moreover, unlike other games that use a similar mechanic (ie Mario or Donkey Kong Country) the blue motes seem to appear randomly, and do not lead the player across the landscape in a meaningful way. Maybe I just missed the pattern?

Regarding the battle mechanics, I don't have a problem with using old ideas per se. But I think it's scary for a designer to see these mechanics in action and call them innovative. Designers need to recognize the mechanical systems beneath aesthetic representation, and to say that Xenoblade is doing something new is to approach it too cursorily.

Finally, I am not Asian, but I do have a pretty extensive experience with Japanese cultural expression -- I've seen a ton of anime, played a lot of JRPGs, watched a pretty fair number of classic and contemporary Japanese films, and lived in Japan for a year. While this by no means makes me an expert, it does mean that I am well-acquainted with many of the stylized forms of expression from which Xenoblade draws inspiration. I don't care that the storytelling is not realistic. Final Fantasy VI and Chrono Trigger have fantastic storytelling, and there's nothing realistic about it. My problem with the storytelling in Xenoblade is that it is vague. In the scene I described -- heck, most of the scenes that I saw -- the characters wave their arms, and flap their faces in a way that conveys nothing. Furthermore, there is not single detail in the script to help me know or identify with the characters. The writers just slime the player with generic emotionalism, and expect that to result in affinity for the characters. Can that work? I guess so, but I would argue that players are attracted to it because it is familiar and comfortable rather than that they are actually moved.