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Why Crackdown is still a better game than AC2, InFAMOUS, or Uncharted 2
by Ron Dippold on 02/28/10 09:01:00 am   Featured Blogs

The following blog post, unless otherwise noted, was written by a member of Gamasutra’s community.
The thoughts and opinions expressed are those of the writer and not Gamasutra or its parent company.

 

Edge magazine just did a Time Extend feature on Crackdown, causing me to be overwhelmed with nostalgia and haul it out of The Pile. I'm running through it again and finding that as a pure game I'm enjoying it more than Assassin's Creed 2, InFAMOUS, or Uncharted 2 (let's call them the Big Three). Those are all great games - I played them all twice (which is rare) and enjoyed them immensely. Their production values certainly eclipse Crackdown's crudeness.

But Crackdown has one advantage they don't have - an irrelevant plot. Allegedly this is just because Realtime Worlds ran out of time and money, but it doesn't really matter. Crackdown delivered the epitome of a sandbox game with these very important characteristics (some stolen right from the Edge article):

  1. The more you do something the better you get at it.
  2. Collecting agility orbs makes you better at collecting agility orbs.
  3. Progression is entirely at your whim.
  4. If you are good enough you can go right for beating the game instead of leveling up your in-game skills. 

Points 1 and 2 are particular sticking points with the Big Three. They can't let you progress too fast because they have an arc of progression plotted out and a story they need to tell. Their stories also demand a certain level of realism (as strange as it feels to say such a thing about games like Uncharted 2 or Assassin's Creed 2, but a good universe sets credible parameters and sticks with them). You can't credibly have Nathan Drake dangling off signs in fear of his life if he can bound over entire city blocks.

 Assassin's Creed 2 is particularly constraining here - at least by the end of InFAMOUS you're doing wire slides and using static thrusters to glide from rooftop to rooftop. But Enzio is still stymied by middling sized streets - he can't jump any further than he did at the start of the game, even though you've done it a thousand times. This is 'realistic', and having him bounding halfway across a city would be surreal, but it's still a frustrating imposition of the plot and setting.

All of the Big Three suffer hugely in comparison to Crackdown on point 2. Collecting items gets you meager rewards, but mostly are just there to satisfy your instinct for completionism. I admit, I never collected all of everything in any of the Big Three. Nothing is as compulsive as those Agility Orbs in Crackdown, which make you better at collecting more agility orbs. What's the reward for collecting flags in Assassin's Creed 2? Not a damn thing, unless you get all of a single type, and even then... meh. Treasure chests are useful early on, but before long you'll be swimming in cash anyhow. Uncharted 2 gives you access to interesting bonuses (as per Ratchet and Clank), but are mostly just completionist and self-referential in nature.

Finally, points 3 and 4 are the biggest traps of all (perhaps we could add Grand Theft Auto IV in here).  Crackdown can let you do what you want when you want to do it because there's really no plot to subvert. The others, particularly Uncharted 2, are intent on telling a story - Uncharted 2 really does feel like a playable movie.

However, as good as Uncharted 2 was, I don't have any moments that are as spectacular in retrospect as some of my moments in Crackdown were. Every time I did something awesome in Uncharted 2 I was pretty sure that it was designed by somebody else. The second playthrough pretty much cemented that. I didn't do that, it was pre-ordained. Especially the fourth time through that bedamned dangling train - the magic was entirely gone and I was just sick and tired of crawling up the side.

On the other hand, I still remember clawing (leaping?) my way to the top of the Agency Building in Crackdown, then jumping off.  I remember driving my SUV right up the side of a building and launching myself off the peak.  I remember stacking bodies around a pile of barrels and setting one of them off. I remember harpooning an enemy to the side of a vehicle, attaching a proximity mine, and sending the whole thing careening into a bunch of goons. I remember throwing bodies at random cars, just because you can. I vaugely remember the end boss fight, but it really doesn't resonate; The best bits of this game are the bits I designed for myself (or think I did). Most importantly, I still remember things I did in Crackdown three years ago while most of Uncharted 2 except the annoyances are just fading into haze.

I am not going to say that Uncharted 2, InFAMOUS, or Assassin's Creed 2 were wrong to want to tell a story - and it seems most people are most comfortable when guided, so perhaps this is the safest and most profitable approach.

However, there does seem to be a compromise between these extremes. As demonstrated in an JRPG series of all things - just about the last place you'd expect such freedom. I'm talking about Chrono Trigger and Chrono Cross, of course. They're fairly linear, but also allow for some radical departures for the savvy player. If you really want, you can go kick Lavos's butt fairly soon. And unlike most games, where this short circuit would cause anachronisms, Chrono Trigger allows it and has an ending for this eventuality. Want to leave the world in the claws of dinosaurs? You can do that. I'm convinced this is a large part of the lasting appeal - it certainly isn't the tedious Millenial Fair.

So I realize that exploding complexity and time budgets are a big reason you don't want to allow freedom of choice, but the gaming moments that are most memorable are those that involve the player creating his or her own narrative - just look at the popularity of multiplayer modes, which have only the faintest of plots. Consider guiding the player but allowing them the freedom to break free if they really want to. I really don't think InFAMOUS would have been irredeemably harmed if a skilled player could get the static thrusters early on, especially on a second playthrough. You might turn your game from a bullet point into one remembered fondly a decade later.

 


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Comments


Ian Fisch
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This isnt' a very persuasive post.



Ok maybe Assassin's Creed 2 and Uncharted 2 lack in point 1 (the more you do something, the better you get at it), but why is that necessarily a bad thing? Why is it better when a game's protagonist improves at something just because the player does it alot? Maybe it's more rewarding when the protagonist performs better because the player himself actually improved his skills. You don't analyze this issue or present any theories.



Same for point 2. Sure people are more motivated to collect random trinkets when they offer tangible rewards, but why do we, as game designers, want people to be motivated to collect random trinkets in the first place? You never answer this question.



I'm also not sure your analogy to Chrono trigger works. The things you describe as fun in Crackdown all relate to having sandbox gameplay, but Chrono Trigger really isn't a sandbox. It's more of a linear narrative with branching paths, one of which leads straight to the end boss. The gameplay itself is as rigid as any jrpg. I wouldn't call Chrono Trigger a compromise between Crackdown and Uncharted 2. Maybe Crysis or the new Red Faction would be better examples.

Prash Nelson-Smythe
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I agree thoroughly with at least one point in this article: that the gaming moments created by yourself are much more memorable than those created by the designer. Or put another way, we remember the moments that emerge out of the gameplay mechanics more than even very impressive scripted plot sequences. This is true for at least one class of player and as mentioned, the success of multiplayer suggests it is a large class.



Ian,

I don't think the point was to determine exactly the reasons why one mechanic is "better" than another. The point I took is that in some games, the mechanics are intentionally restricted in order to more strictly cohere with a plot. These limitations, while maybe increasing immersion, can have a negative impact on certain aspects of the game such as "fun" and especially the long-term replayability.



These discussions often come back to the "movieness" of games. Recently, I have been reading thoughts on people looking to other media for inspiration, such as music partly since it is much (MUCH) more mature than movies. However, there is a more obvious point of inspiration: Games. Not videogames, but all forms from sports, chess, playground games etc. Many of these have been around at least as long as music and may perhaps be the oldest recreational activity of them all (even older than dance) since prehistoric children are likely to have engaged in playfighting to practise real hunting. Non-video games still hold a great popularity despite their age and have an almost never-ending appeal. This is also illustrated by the success of videogames based on them, such as sports games. I think this has long been an inspiration for many videogame makers but it has maybe been waning lately with unintentional consequences, such as consumers playing a game through once and selling it immediately.



Just a thought, perhaps designers might have more success by changing their goal from making a game "as good as a movie" to "better than football".

Kevin Reese
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Crackdown's non-linearity is refreshing. It is increasingly difficult to find non-linear gameplay in a game. Just because a game is sand-box style, often people equate this automatically to non-linearity, but that's not the case.


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